Languages

Communication is necessary to establish social ties, to knit people together in relationships, to enhance cooperation, and to develop a global community. Communicative approaches for teaching languages are emphasized. The goal is to provide language learners the skills to use the target language outside of the classroom in authentic settings. Language learning is a life-long process, and our goal is to provide a foundation upon which students can build in college and elsewhere.

French

French I (Standard)
1 Credit (5433)
Prerequisite: None. We suggest, however, that students who score below the 40th percentile on standardized reading comprehension tests work on their basic English skills before beginning the study of French.
This beginning French class is for the student who has little or no knowledge of the language or experience studying a language. Through a variety of learning tasks students recognize, react to, and use the basic structures, grammar, and vocabulary of the French language and develop an awareness of the cultures of the French-speaking world. While development of reading and writing skills is included in the course, the emphasis is on listening comprehension and speaking skills.

French II (Standard)
1 Credit (5437)
Prerequisite: Successful completion of one year of high school French
A continuation of the work of French I Standard. Students work toward a proficiency in French which allows them to: ask and answer questions in areas of immediate need and on very familiar topics; pronounce the language well enough to be understood; read and understand information in a simple paragraph; and to write a short paragraph on a familiar topic. Listening and speaking remain the principal focus, but reading and writing gain greater emphasis. Students begin to incorporate their cultural awareness into their language study and learn to deal with some everyday situations in a manner appropriate to the culture.

French III (Standard)
1 Credit (5442)
Prerequisite: Successful completion of
French II (Standard) or with department recommendation
This course is designed for students interested in a third year of language study but who are not ready for an accelerated French course. Students work to increase their proficiency in all four strands of language learning: reading, writing, speaking, and listening.

French I (Accelerated)
1 Credit (5435)
Prerequisite: 80th percentile or above on standardized reading comprehension tests or outstanding performance in the previous
academic year
This beginning French class is for the student who has little or no knowledge of the language or experience studying a language. Through a variety of learning tasks students recognize, react to, and use the basic structures, grammar, and vocabulary of the French language and develop an awareness of the cultures of the French-speaking world. Students are encouraged to be creative with the language, independently expand vocabulary, and take an active role in mastering language skills. While development of reading and writing skills is included in the course, the emphasis is on listening comprehension and speaking skills.

French II (Accelerated)
1 Credit (5439)
Prerequisite: Successful completion of French I (Accelerated) or with department recommendation
This beginning French class is for the student who has little or no knowledge of the language or experience studying a language. Through a variety of learning tasks students recognize, react to, and use the basic structures, grammar, and vocabulary of the French language and develop an awareness of the cultures of the French-speaking world. Students are encouraged to be creative with the language, independently expand vocabulary, and take an active role in mastering language skills. While development of reading and writing skills is included in the course, the emphasis is on listening comprehension and speaking skills.

French III (Accelerated)
1 Credit (5445)
Prerequisite: Successful completion of French II (Accelerated) or French III (Standard) or with department recommendation
The aim of this course is to continue the student’s linguistic development. Students at this level work toward proficiency in French that allows them to: engage in conversation about familiar topics; understand the essential points of spoken speech; read and comprehend such materials as newspaper articles; and write summaries, descriptions, and social correspondence. They also continue to develop their cultural awareness and their understanding of the French speaking world.

French IV (Accelerated)
1 Credit (5447)
Prerequisite: Successful completion of French III (Accelerated) or with department recommendation
This class is conducted entirely in French. Students review grammar structures contextually through their study of contemporary as well as classic works of French literature, newspapers, magazines, films, and music. Class activities include participating actively in discussion, often expressing a reaction or a point of view on a theme, as well as composition, usually done in class.

AP French Language and Culture
1 Credit (5449)
Prerequisite: Successful completion of French IV (Accelerated) with a grade of 85 or higher or with department recommendation
This course, conducted entirely in French, includes individual speaking practice and analysis of more advanced grammatical concepts and structures. Students at this level work toward a proficiency in French that will prepare them for the AP Language and Culture exam. Students at this level are able to: support opinions, explain in detail, and hypothesize; sustain understanding over longer stretches of time; read and comprehend more abstract and linguistically complex texts; and write about a variety of topics with significant precision and detail. Discussions, presentations, projects, readings, and research are vehicles through which students explore the literature, history, and culture of the Francophone world.

France and the Arts
1 Credit (5450)
Prerequisite: Successful completion of AP French or department recommendation.
This course is designed for students who have completed our high level French courses and wish to continue working on their language skills. Units studied will have components from the four key strands of language learning: reading, writing, speaking, and listening. Students will do research, prepare presentations, and welcome guest lecturers. Students will use available resources and media as they journey through the history of France through its arts. The course will be taught completely in French.

Japanese

Japanese I (Accelerated)
1 Credit (5451)
Prerequisite: 80th percentile or above on standardized reading comprehension tests or outstanding performance in the previous
academic year
Students speak Japanese from their first day in class and the large majority of class time is spent speaking and listening to the language. Mastery of basic structures, grammar, and vocabulary is the standard. This course also covers the reading and writing of katakana (one of the three writing systems). Films and discussions help the students gain a deeper understanding of Japanese culture.

Japanese II (Accelerated)
1 Credit (5453)
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Japanese I or with department recommendation
This course, which is a continuation of Japanese I, focuses primarily on developing more sophisticated conversational skills and a deeper understanding of the language as a structured system of communication. Important components of this course include reading hiragana and kanji (Chinese characters) and learning direct style speech patterns. Students learn about culture through the language.

Japanese III (Accelerated)
1 Credit (5455)
Prerequisite: Successful completion of
Japanese II or with department recommendation
Japanese III offers students the opportunity to further develop the four basic language skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Students review and achieve mastery of both katakana and hiragana in addition to further study of kanji (Chinese characters). Culture is often discussed as it is directly related to the language of the specific lesson. Observations and reflections of visits to Japan by both students and teachers are regularly discussed.

Japanese IV (Accelerated)
1 Credit (5457)
Prerequisite: Successful completion of
Japanese III or with department recommendation
This advanced level course, which is often conducted entirely in Japanese, offers students the opportunity to learn more sophisticated ways of expressing themselves in both the spoken and written language. Emphasis is placed on reading kanji (Chinese characters). Classroom discussions, readings in the text, and supplementary magazines/videos allow students to gain deeper understanding of cultural issues.

AP Japanese Language and Culture
1 Credit (5460)
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Japanese IV or with department recommendation
The goal of this course is to prepare students for the AP Japanese Language and Culture exam as well as prepare students for intermediate level Japanese in college. Students broaden their knowledge of the written system through more extensive reading and polish their oral communication skills through regular conversations in Japanese with the instructor. Interdisciplinary work on aspects of Japanese culture and history is strongly encouraged.

Latin

Knowledge of Latin gives students the opportunity to understand the roots of English, the Romance languages, and the influence of classical Roman culture on today’s world.

Latin I (Accelerated)
1 Credit (5471)

Prerequisite: 80th percentile or above on standardized reading comprehension tests or an outstanding performance in the previous academic year
Latin I introduces students to the basic elements of Latin grammar through reading and writing. Vocabulary is presented with the aim of showing the direct and indirect indebtedness of English to Latin and the reliance of the Romance languages upon Latin.

Latin II (Accelerated)
1 Credit (5473)
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Latin I or with department recommendation
This course involves both review and continuation of the study of Latin grammar, with emphasis on more complex expression in both reading and writing. The goal of the course is for students to prepare for reading Latin authors through intermediate readings that include topics such as mythology and the history of Rome.

Latin Prose (Accelerated)
1 Credit (5475)
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Latin II with department recommendation
This course involves intensive study of a key Latin prose author, Caesar.

Latin Poetry (Accelerated)
1 Credit (5477)
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Latin III or with department recommendation
This course continues with an intensive study of a key Latin Poet, Vergil.Students who take Latin Prose and Latin Poetry in the same school year will be prepared to take AP Latin exam.Students who elect to take this examination will receive credit for AP level study.

AP Latin
1 Credit (5479)

Prerequisites: Latin I and Latin II. Students must take Latin Prose and AP Latin during the same academic year.
The AP Latin course is designed to help students achieve success on the AP Latin exam. Therefore, it centers on the prose of Caesar (Commentarii De Bello Gallico) and the poetry of Vergil (The Aeneid), while developing the students’ abilities to 1.) translate Latin prose and poetry into English literally; 2.) understand the passages read within their historical, cultural, and literary contexts; 3.) engage in effective analysis of passages, including elements of language, style, and purpose; 4.) better read works of Latin aloud; and 5.) learn the dactylic hexameter of Vergil’s poetry.

Spanish

Spanish I (Standard)
1 Credit (5413)
Prerequisite: None. We suggest that students
who score below the 40th percentile on standardized reading comprehension tests work on their basic English skills before beginning the study of Spanish.
This beginning Spanish course is for the student who has little or no knowledge of the language or experience studying a language. Through a variety of learning tasks students recognize, react to, and use the basic structures, grammar, and vocabulary of the Spanish language and develop an awareness of the cultures of the Spanish-speaking world. While development of reading and writing skills is included in the course, the emphasis is on listening comprehension and speaking skills.

Spanish II (Standard)
1 Credit (5417)
Prerequisite: Successful completion of one year of high school Spanish
A continuation of the work of Spanish I Standard. Students work toward a proficiency in Spanish which allows them to: ask and answer questions in areas of immediate need and on very familiar topics; pronounce the language well enough to be understood, read and understand information in a simple paragraph, and to write a short paragraph on a familiar topic. Listening and speaking remain the principal focus, but reading and writing gain greater emphasis. Students begin to incorporate their cultural awareness into their language study and learn to deal with some everyday situations in a manner appropriate to the culture.

Spanish III (Standard)
1 Credit (5422)
Prerequisite: Successful completion of
Spanish II (Standard) or with department recommendation
This course is designed for students interested in a third year of language study but who are not ready for an accelerated Spanish course. Students work to increase their proficiency in using basic structures, grammar, and vocabulary of Spanish, although speaking and listening continue to be the main focus of the course.

Spanish I (Accelerated)
1 Credit (5415)

Prerequisite: 80th percentile or above on standardized reading comprehension tests or outstanding performance in the previous academic year
This beginning Spanish course is for the student who has little or no knowledge of the language or experience studying a language. Through a variety of learning tasks students recognize, react to, and use the basic structures, grammar, and vocabulary of the Spanish language and develop an awareness of the cultures of the Spanish-speaking world. Students are encouraged to be creative with the language, independently expand vocabulary, and take an active role in mastering language skills. While development of reading and writing skills is included in the course, the emphasis is on listening comprehension and speaking skills.

Spanish II (Accelerated)
1 Credit (5419)
Prerequisite: Successful completion of
Spanish I (Accelerated) or with department recommendation
A continuation of the work of Spanish I Accelerated. Emphasis is placed on student creation of language, rather than learned patterned responses. Student learning is discovery based. Flexibility in the curriculum allows for student creativity in the language learning process. Listening and speaking skills are still important, but added emphasis is given to the development of reading and writing skills. This course is an appropriate placement for some students who have successfully completed two or more years of accelerated French or Latin.

Spanish III (Accelerated)
1 Credit (5425)
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Spanish II (Accelerated) or Spanish III (Standard) or with department recommendation
The aim of this course is to continue the students’ linguistic development. Students at this level work toward proficiency in Spanish that allows them to: engage in conversation about familiar topics; understand the essential points of spoken speech; read and comprehend such materials as newspaper articles; and write summaries, descriptions, and social correspondence. They also continue to develop their cultural awareness and their understanding of the Spanish-speaking world.

Spanish IV (Accelerated)
1 Credit (5427)
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Spanish III (Accelerated) or with department recommendation
This advanced course, conducted entirely in Spanish, includes a review of basic grammar and structures, as well as intensive work on more complex grammatical concepts. Students at this level work toward proficiency in Spanish that allows them to: participate in a wide variety of conversations, including unfamiliar situations; sustain understanding over longer stretches of time; read and comprehend longer prose; and describe and narrate in paragraphs. Discussions, presentations, projects, readings, and research are vehicles by which students explore the literature, history, and culture of the Spanish-speaking world.

AP Spanish Language and Culture
1 Credit (5430)
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Spanish IV (Accelerated) or with department recommendation
This course, conducted entirely in Spanish, includes individual speaking practice and analysis of more advanced grammatical concepts and structures. Students at this level work toward a proficiency in Spanish that will prepare them for the AP Language and Culture exam. Students at this level are able to: support opinions, explain in detail and hypothesize; sustain understanding over longer stretches of time; read and comprehend more abstract and linguistically complex texts; and write about a variety of topics with significant precision and detail. Discussions, presentations, projects, readings, and research are vehicles by which students explore the literature, history, and culture of the Hispanic and Spanish countries.

Spanish V (Accelerated)
1 Credit (5429)
Prerequisite: Satisfactory completion of the AP Spanish course or with department recommendation.
This course is designed as an option for students who have successfully completed the AP Spanish course and would like to continue to work on their language skills and understanding of the many facets of the Hispanic culture. Topics of study will vary from year to year. Units may be designed to study the literary masters of the Hispanic world, Hispanic artists, and their influence, or the diaspora of the Spanish peoples from Spain to the Americas.